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О механизме действия катализатора горения мазута «ИОН-М»

Катализатор горения мазута «ИОН-М» – это многокомпонентный состав химических веществ, который оказывает влияние на структуру топлива и непосредственно на процесс горения. «ИОН-М» представляет собой особое сочетание положительных и отрицательных ионов, электростатические поля которых, оказывают структурирующее (упорядочивающее) воздействие на молекулы вещества среды (топлива), в котором он находится. Углеводороды мазута приобретают в его присутствии заданную ориентацию в объеме. Тяжелые углеводороды, которые присутствуют в топливе в виде сгустков и отложений, система катализатора переводит в упорядоченное состояние. Происходит их растворение и равномерное распределение по всему объему (постепенно очищаются емкости и трубопроводы). У такого структурированного топлива уменьшается реологическая вязкость. Это обеспечивает более мелкий распыл ивысококачественное перемешивание топлива с воздухом.

При горении мазута, активные частицы «ИОН-М» увеличивают скорость разложения тяжелых углеводородов до более легких фракций и в конечном итоге до элементарных водорода и углерода. Температура самовоспламенения мазута понижается на 50-100ОС. «ИОН-М» также увеличивает скорость выгорания сажевых частиц за счет образования промежуточных более высокоактивных соединений. Повышение скорости горения приводит к уменьшению длины факела и увеличению температуры ядра факела. Повышение температуры в зоне горения приводит к увеличению внутренней энергии частиц, которые начинают интенсивно излучать энергию. Пламя приобретает яркое желто-белое свечение. Количество тепла, передаваемое излучением, повышается (повышается эффективность теплопередачи). Увеличивается скорость нагрева теплоносителя. Уменьшается температура отходящих газов

Действие катализатора горения мазута «ИОН-М» направлено на приоритетное окисление углерода С и водорода Н и на ингибирование химических реакций окисления азота N и серы S. В результате происходит резкое снижение выбросов СО, NOx, SOx.

Повышение полноты сгорания, снижение тепловых потерь, повышение эффективности теплопередачи позволяет снизить потребление мазута в среднем на 10%. При использовании низкокачественного топлива экономия может достигать 15-20%.

 

 



03.02.2013 18:25 Автор/источник: Белвнешимпорт

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